Harriett Long
Email: hlong@me.vccs.edu
Office: DC117
Phone: (276) 523-2400, ext. 327


Course Description

Introduces the principles of fluid flow and development of practical hydraulics resulting from study of fluid statics, flow of real fluid in pipes, multiple pipe lines, liquid flow in open channels, and fluid measurement techniques.  Prerequisite EGR 120 or equivalent.

Statement of Broad Goals/Specific Objectives

Help prepare students to sit with wastewater exams and problems.

This course is designed to introduce the student to the study of hydraulics.  During the semester the student will be introduced to mathematical expressions that describe water flow in pipes and open channels.  Different ways to measure water flow will be investigated.  Types of pumps and pumping will also be studied.


  • Students are required to have certain math skills, such as calculate chemical dosages, manipulate formulas and equations, calculate areas and volumes, convert between measuring systems, apply basic math concepts to the profession, calculate volumes from pump running times, calculate averages and geometric means, plot and interpret graphs, and calculate chemical quantities for budge purposes.
  • Certain hydraulic skills are required, such as calculate flow rates, demonstrate an awareness of causes and prevention of water hammer, identify different types of process equipment and their application, demonstrate an awareness of plant design parameters, determine loading rates, apply basic fluid mechanics, interpret pump performance curves, determine pump efficiency, calculate thrust blocking, and demonstrate an awareness of distribution and collection modeling techniques.
  • Students are required to have certain blueprint reading skills, such as read and interpret records and drawings, read scales, identify engineering symbols, and modify drawings.
  • Certain computer skills are required, such as using an operating system, spreadsheet software, word processing packages, possess a knowledge of PLC at an introductory level, demonstrate keyboarding skills, access data from CD ROM, and use the Internet at a basic level.
  • Students must possess certain communication skills, such as speak and understand English fluently, deal with the public in a polite manner, deal with emergency situations, communicate effectively, participate as a team player, demonstrate an awareness of regulator agencies, investigate problems, communicate instructions, demonstrate phone etiquette, resolve conflicts, demonstrate writing skills, fit into the management philosophy of the organization, participate effectively in meetings, demonstrate interview skills, educate public and other stake holders, prepare a resume, deliver a presentation, and deal with the media.
  • Certain safety skills are required, such as demonstrate an awareness of personal responsibilities, use and maintain personal protection equipment, identify safety hazards, demonstrate an awareness of information sources, demonstrate an awareness of confined space entry procedures,use and maintain safety monitoring equipment, demonstrate an awareness of Occupation Health and Safety regulations, describe proper shoring and trenching operations, use and maintain SCBAs, demonstrate an awareness of Alberta First Call procedures, demonstrate an awareness of immunization and personal hygiene, perform first aid and CPR, assist in an accident investigation, participate on safety committees, demonstrate an awareness of substance abuse, develop a safety strategy, describe spill response procedures, perform a safety inspection, repair chlorine cylinder with Kits A and B, and identify piping color codes.
  • Students are required to have certain water distribution skills, such as demonstrate sampling techniques, describe cc location procedures, perform piping hydrant and valve maintenance, , describe disinfection procedures, identify cross connection and back flow protection systems, follow safe traffic procedures, identify hazards specific to water distribution, implement a water main flushing and cleaning program, describe methods of thawing water liness, describe safety procedures specific to water distribution, identify water quality parameters, describe water reservoir inspection and cleaning procedures, install water line and appurtenances, install, test, and repair water meters, perform leak detection, perform flow test, describe well operation and maintenance, perform well disinfection, demonstrate an awareness of insitu systems evacuation procedures, identify pressure reduction valves and their application, demonstrate an awareness of water conservation issues, perform a mainline wet tap, maintain hydropneumatic tanks, and maintain and adjust pressure reducing valve.
  • Certain computer literacy skills are required, such as using programs, spreadsheets, search for folders, and use the mouse drag and drop techniques.

Instructional Methods

Students are required to read the lessons from the book, along with any lessons that are on the Internet.  Any questions that are on the website must be answered and turned in to Harriett Long at Mountain Empire Community College.  Water/wastewater plant visits are also part of the teaching methods in this course.


Analysis of Water Distribution Systems
Author:  Thomas M. Walski